Companies can sometimes make the budgeting and forecasting process more difficult than it already is by accepting their laborious, tedious and often frustrating manual processes as status quo. But the secret to a simplified, more harmonious planning future may be right under your nose, in your IT department.
IT teams have spent decades evolving the way software is developed, and today largely apply principles of agile development methodology to quickly complete critical projects and generally operate more efficiently. The success of agile approaches by IT teams has led other departments to borrow these methods to make their own teams more nimble.
Finance teams, which commonly rely on cumbersome spreadsheet templates, email and intranet-based processes—not to mention long delivery cycles—can perhaps benefit the most from applying agile approaches to planning technology investments.
» Related content: Download the 6 best practices for strategic IT finance executive brief
Going agile to increase efficiency and speed
Business management consultant McKinsey & Co. published a great article (that no longer exists) on applying agile principles to non-IT teams. Here are the five key takeaways for your finance team:
- Increase decision velocity. Scrum teams are at the heart of agile techniques. They are small, cross-functional groups working side-by-side, checking in daily for quick progress updates and problem solving. Finance can apply this approach with small teams that meet frequently and have the functional authority to make quick decisions to move projects forward. Working at this pace means focusing on the highest priority objectives and establishing well-defined controls such as decision hierarchies and governance criteria.
- Democratize the data. The best IT architectures create tight standards for data that rely on one system that houses all approved data, a “single source of truth.” Having a single source of truth to plan technology investments eliminates debates over competing data sets, focuses discussions on insights to support changing business needs, allows faster budget decisions, and fosters collaboration between corporate finance and IT teams.
- Design assets for reuse. Reusable IT systems are critical for efficiency and are characterized by modularity (independently functioning modules of code) and interoperability (modules interacting seamlessly using standard protocols). But this concept can also apply to “soft assets” like business processes that can be reused.
- Minimize complexity. Complexity is the enemy of agility. Finance knows the number of people involved in crafting, reviewing, and approving budgets contributes to the complexity. Agility invokes fewer people in decision-making. Consider how you can reduce the number of people involved by simplifying lines of accountability and devolving decision-making rights farther down the organization. You might also consider using a tool that can automate approval processes, providing transparency on decision justifications so less manual intervention is required.
- Rapidly redeploy resources. Agility means resources can be rapidly directed to wherever there is an opportunity or threat. In the broader organization, rapid redeployment means a fungible workforce, cross-trained to switch between roles; access to external labor pools such as on-tap external contractors; and, most importantly, a process that quickly reallocates resources where and when they are needed. Finance and IT planning teams should evaluate whether teams are trained and resourced to meet these needs, or consider implementing elements of these principles.
In a nutshell
Companies that have agile IT budgeting and forecasting processes will have the competitive edge when it comes to quickly responding to changing business needs and market dynamics. Achieving new levels of agility requires new ways of thinking about IT budgeting and forecasting and new approaches to these critical processes. Consider taking a moment to evaluate how you can apply some of these concepts to become more efficient and productive.
If you’d like to learn more about how Apptio can help, get in touch with an Apptio expert.